Urethritis is a disease that is characterized by the activity of the inflammatory process in the urethra. The most striking symptom of urethritis is acute painful sensations during urination and the appearance of a discharge from the urethra. The disease is diagnosed in patients of both sexes.
Types of urethritis
Urethritis is an infectious disease, so his development is as a result of exposure to an infectious agent. Such errors can be viruses, fungi, bacteria, etc. Also, in particular, in rare cases, there are disease, radiation, toxic, allergic and other types of urethritis.
Depending on the type of that is due to the impact of the pathogen develop urethritis, distinguish the two different types of the disease: urethritis, specific and non-specific. In the first case, the occurrence of certain provoke urethritis (chlamydia, gonococcus, Ureaplasma, etc.). These infections can be combined with exposure to other viruses, fungi, & bacteria, the body may be more and more infections. In this case, the disease is complicated by the fact that, as a rule, people do not improve when the acute stage of the illness becomes chronic.
Non-specific urethritis is manifested due to the impact of the conditional pathogenic microflora. Its occurrence is provoked by staphylococci, streptococci, Escherichia coli, fungi, etc. The disease, in both of these cases, it develops and manifests itself in much the same way. However, it is important to note that, in the case of the detection of a sexually transmitted infection all sexual partners of the patient should be tested and treated.
The features of urethritis
As a rule, the manifestation of specific urethritis are the problems faced by the relationship. However, it happens that a person infected and for a while it becomes a carrier of the infection. In this case, the disease can occur at any time. Because sexual contact can occur, and nonspecific urethritis.
The reason for the development of the inflammatory process in the urethra could become a failure, the immune system of the channel wall. The urethra is constantly contaminated, getting an infection is through the blood of the entrails, skin and other areas. A particularly severe infection occurs during sexual intercourse. As a result, while the walls of the urethra may have to deal with the infection, the disease does not develop. But, at the very least a disorder of the mechanisms of inflammation, which is associated with all of the attendant symptoms.
There are a number of factors, which often have become that are in the process of the disease. First of all urethritis in men, and in women it can occur due to single or repeated exposure. At the onset of the urethritis is affected by the presence of urolithiasis. When the sand or the stone moves through the urethra, it may be possible to breach the walls, and the subsequent appearance of the urethritis. The predisposition to the disease, penile trauma, excessive strenuous exercise, irregular sexual life. However, it is too much to high sexual activity and frequent change of partners, it is also possible to cause the development of the disease. It is not recommended too often, eating spicy food, and salty, dried meat, pickled vegetables, large quantities of alcohol. Getting into the urine, additionally, these kinds of foods can irritate the lining of the canal. In the end, it can be a bit, or to show the progression of their disease.
Cause the factor of the symptoms of urethritis are often not enough to drink: irregular urination, caused the delay of the bacteria in the human body, because the urine washes away from the wall of the urinary bladder. After a certain period of time, in between trips to the toilet, the risk of inflammation is greatly increased. There is also urethritis may occur in a background of chronic inflammation occurring within the body.
Also, there are a lot of factors, which may later become crucial to the development of urethritis. As a result, this disease can affect anyone.
The signs and symptoms of urethritis
At the very beginning of the disease is manifested acute symptoms of urethritis: soreness and a stinging, burning sensation and itching during urination. It is also in the process of urination, the person may not feel any other uncomfortable symptoms. These sensations occur in the genital area and the perineum.
Another important symptom of urethritis is the appearance of a discharge from the urethra. They have a variety of. Also, depending on what type of pathogen cause a urethritis, the discharge is very abundant or very scarce. During the time of the acute illness, at the edge of the hole, it can become inflamed and stick together. However, in some cases, the development of the urethritis is usually associated with a productive cough.
Each subsequent exacerbation of the disease, an inflammatory disease affecting more and more an integral part of the mucous membrane of the urethra. For this reason, the signs and symptoms of urethritis, with every exacerbation are becoming more pronounced. Therefore, if the disease is not treated with the proper methods, you are able to receive the complication of urethritis.
If we take into account the symptoms of urethritis from the point of view of their manifestation in each of the different types of the disease, some of the significant differences in the clinical picture.
Thus, in acute urethritis in both men and women, the main symptom is a severe burning or pain during urination, and the presence of abundant discharge from the urethra, the swelling and visible redness in the lips of the urethra. The torpid urethritis are observed subjective sleep disorders. They do not appear, it is clear that, in some cases, missing entirely.
In the case of a subacute urethritis is the reduction of pain and swelling in the urethra, it also reduces the amount of secretion. Only in the morning, and sometimes it manifests itself in half. The urine has a transparent shade, can be purulent matter.
In chronic urethritis, which is manifested due to improper treatment or complete lack thereof, such as neurotic phenomena. Most often, this form of urethritis is present, a small discharge from the urethra. They are becoming more and more common, it is subject to the availability of some of the factors that cause the deterioration of the disease. It can be an excessive amount of alcohol, anxiety, hypothermia. The symptoms of urethritis in the chronic form and is often similar to the signs and symptoms of urethritis.
A total of urethritis characterized by inflammation of the urethra as a whole. The signs and symptoms of this form of the disease are similar to the signs and symptoms of prostatitis. It is important to note that, in the absence of the treatment of the symptoms of the an infection on the bladder, it may disappear on their own. However, with each exacerbation of the disease, symptoms will be expressed even more strongly. As a result, the patient can be a serious complication of urethritis.
The diagnosis of urethritis
For proper treatment, it is necessary, first, to correctly establish a diagnosis. First of all, the doctor is trying to figure out what is causing the cause of the urethritis in a patient. Thus, to establish the causative agent of the disease, there are a variety of different laboratory tests (test, DNA diagnostics, PCR). Often, the doctor orders a ultrasound of the pelvic organs to adequately assess their status. Guided by the results obtained, and the patient is assigned to a particular treatment.
The treatment of urethritis
For the treatment of urethritis was the most effective, it is necessary first to determine which infection-induced inflammatory processes of the urethra. In the treatment of cancer using the same regimen and for the treatment of thrush, chlamydia, gonorrhoea and other diseases of the reproductive system. For the suppression of the pathogenic micro-organisms, the use of a variety of drugs. First of all, the antibiotics and the medication is also an anti-fungal, and antiviral effects.
It is important that the treatment of the urethritis occur simultaneously in both sexual partners, because of the high probability of transmission during sexual intercourse.
And the specific and non-specific urethritis is being treated, guided by the same principles. Such a classification is important from the point of view of the specific choice of medication for the treatment of urethritis, and also to understand whether there is a need in the treatment of the sexual partner of the patient.
If a patient is diagnosed by a combination of urethritis and cystitis, it is important to use a complex approach to treatment. The physician is required to specify the application of physiotherapeutic procedures, as well as the instillation of drugs into the bladder, and the urethra. The treatment process may take a few days or a few weeks depending on the severity of the disease.
It is important that the right approach to treatment, and the patient. Effectively, not only drugs, but also prescribed by a doctor, diet, abstinence from alcohol, drink plenty of fluids.
After the treatment has been completed, and all the symptoms disappeared, should be required to conduct the test again to monitor the patient's condition. This will help to ensure that the infection is removed.